Where will you be Judged
The Judicial System of Singapore
The Supreme Court
The Court of Appeal
The High Court
The State Courts
The District Court
- A maximum prison sentence of 7 years,
- Impose a maximum fine of up to $10,000 SGD,
- A caning of up to 12 strokes,
- Attending reformative training,
- A combination of the above
The Magistrates’ Courts
The Coroners’ Court
This court deals with cases that are classified by the Police as Coroner’s cases. The Coroner’s Court will hold an inquiry when there is a reason to suspect that a person has died in a sudden or unnatural manner, by violence, when the cause of death is unknown and in situations where the law receives an inquiry.Examples of these cases are suspected suicides, road traffic and industrial accidents, and death which has occurred in prison.
The Small Claims Tribunals (Tribunals)
The Tribunals were established on the 1st February 1985 to provide a quick and inexpensive forum for the resolution of small claims between consumers and suppliers.
The jurisdiction of the Tribunals is to hear claims not exceeding $10,000. The claim cannot be split or divided to bring it within the Tribunal’s jurisdiction. Where the Claimant and the Respondent consent in writing, the jurisdiction can be raised to $20,000.
The Family Justice Courts (FJC)
The “Family Justice Courts” is the collective name for a body of courts which comprise the Family Division of the High Court, the Family Courts and the Youth Courts. The Family Justice Courts will hear the full suite of family-related cases including all divorce and related matters, family violence cases, adoption and guardianship cases, Youth Court cases, applications for deputyship under the Mental Capacity Act, and probate and succession matters.
The Juvenile Court
This court deals specifically with offences allegedly committed by “children” (under 14 years of age) or “young persons” (14 to 16 years of age). It covers Beyond Parental Control Cases (BPC), Juvenile Arrest Cases (JAC) and Care and Protection Order Cases (CPO).
(a) BPC are cases that refers to a child or young person who is below the age of 16 years who may be in persistent conflict with his/her parent(s) and school or other authorities and who may be displaying at-risk behaviours.
(b) JAC are cases involving the criminal crimes committed by “children” or “young persons”.
(c) CPO is an order granted for children/young persons who are abused or neglected, assaulted, ill-treated, abandoned or exposed to unnecessary physical suffering or emotional injury.
The Family Court
This court deals with adoptions, divorce, children’s issues, division of the matrimonial property, personal protection orders, resolution and joint conferences (mediation), spousal and child maintenance, family violence and enforcement of Syariah Court orders.
The Night Court
There are two night courts that operate from Monday to Friday after 6pm for the benefit of the working public to deal with the large volume of regulatory cases. They have different roles, in which the first Night Court deals with summonses and notices issued by the various departments such as the Housing and Development Board, the Urban Redevelopment Authority, Central Provident Fund Board, and the Registry of Companies and Businesses. The second Night Court deals with road traffic offences brought by the Traffic Police and regulatory offences brought by the Land Transport Authority.
The Community Court
The Community Court adopts a problem-solving approach to special categories of cases and combine criminal justice and community resources in dealing with these cases. These cases include abuse and cruelty to animals, family violence cases, attempted suicide cases and neighbourhood disputes.
The Syariah Court
This court administers and resolves marriage and divorce disputes between parties who are either Muslims or who have married under the provisions of Muslim Law.
The Traffic Court
The Traffic Court hears and tries traffic offences brought by the Traffic Police as well as the Land Transport Authority.
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